Complete your Total War collection with this Definitive Edition of Total War: EMPIRE, which includes all DLC and feature updates since the game’s release:Take on the Warpath Campaign and lead one of 5 new Native American factions in an epic war to defend your lands and drive out the invaders.Build up your armies with the Elite Units of the East, Elite Units of the West, Elite Units of America and the Special Forces Units & Bonus Content packs, which together add over 50 elite new units.Total War: EMPIRE Definitive Edition offers hundreds and hundreds of hours of absorbing gameplay and every bit of content made for the game. See below for full details. About Total War: EMPIREControl the land, command the seas, forge a new nation, and conquer the globe. Total War: EMPIRE takes the Total War franchise to the eighteenth century Age of Enlightenment a time of political upheaval, military advancements, and radical thought, captured in stunning detail.Total War: EMPIRE introduces a host of revolutionary new features, including true 3D naval combat. For the first time in the Total War series, you will be able to intuitively command single ships or vast fleets upon seascapes rich with extraordinary water and weather effects that play a huge role in your eventual glorious success or ignominious defeat. After pummelling your enemy with cannon fire, close in to grapple their ship and prepare to board, taking control of your men as they fight hand-to-hand on the decks of these wooden behemoths. In addition, Total War: EMPIRE will see further enhancements to the Total War series’ signature 3D battles and turn-based campaign map. Real-time battles will pose new challenges with the addition of cannon and musket, challenging players to master new formations and tactics as a result of the increasing role of gunpowder within warfare. And the Campaign Map, the heart of Total War introduces a variety of new and upgraded elements, including new systems for Trade, Diplomacy and Espionage with agents; a refined and streamlined UI; improved Advisors; and a vastly extended scope, taking in the riches of India, the turbulence of Europe and, for the first time, the untapped potential of the United States of America. About The Warpath CampaignA new detailed North American Campaign Map expands the Total War: EMPIRE experience, with 5 brand new Native American factions, new units and technologies. Experience battles in the new Warpath Campaign and lead one of the 5 new factions in an epic war to defend your lands and drive out the invaders. Or take these units and their unique strengths into multiplayer battles. •5 New Playable Factions including the Iroquois, Huron, Plains, Pueblo and Cherokee nations. •Expanded North American Territories - A new, more detailed North American Campaign Map featuring new regions and a new start date. •New Elite Units including Mohawk Elite Warriors, Cheyenne Dog Soldiers, Navajo Scout Warriors and many more. •Two New Agent Types - Infiltrate enemy territory with the new Shaman unit and sabotage the opposition with the cunning Scout. •18 New Tribal Technologies including Spirit Medicine, the Call of the Wild and Dreamwalking creating a brand new tribal technology tree. •New Winning Objectives for each of the playable factions. About Elite Units of the EastThe Elite Units of the East adds 12 new elite units to the Maratha and Ottoman factions and expands the map further East than any previous Total War game.Most of these soldiers' expertise developed on the battlefield - some are fearsome brigands, others of them are drawn from a strong academic background, learned warriors. They will provide a vast array of tactical options: intimidating and cowing your enemies.•Haydut Irregulars (Ottoman Empire)•Wallachian Boyars (Ottoman Empire)•Bosnian Panduks (Ottoman Empire)•Circassian Armoured Cavalry (Ottoman Empire)•Armenian Archers (Ottoman Empire)•Libyan Kuloglu (Ottoman Empire)•Palestinian Auxiliaries (Ottoman Empire)•Cairo Janissaries (Ottoman Empire)•Mounted Nizam-I-Cedit (Ottoman Empire)•Rajput Zamindars (Maratha)•Poligars (Maratha)•Barawardi (Maratha)About Elite Units of the WestThe Elite Units of the West introduces 14 completely unique units from all the major Western factions. Featuring all new infantry and cavalry units, equipped with the best weapons and having undergone the most rigorous of training, the Elite Units of the West bring even more options on the battlefield to all tacticians seeking to defeat their enemies. •Hungarian Grenadiers (Austria)•Horse Guards (Britain)•Swiss Guards (France)•Blue Guards (United Provinces)•Gardes du Corps (United Provinces)•Guard Grenadiers (Poland-Lithuania)•2nd Hussars (Prussia)•Bosniaks (Prussia)•Frei-Korps (Prussia)•Gardes à cheval (Russia)•Siemenovski Foot Guards (Russia)•Walloon Guards (Spain)•Legion of the United States (United States)•US Marines (United States)About Elite Units of AmericaThe Elite Units of America adds 15 new elite units to the American, British and French factions of Total War: EMPIRE. In the last half of the 18th century, the political upheaval from thirteen of British Colonies in North America ultimately led to the 1776 Declaration of Independence and changed History forever. The 15 units have all played a major part in the American Revolution. Though their background owes a lot to European military traditions, their identity is tied to the destiny of the United States and gave these men courage and audacity like no other soldier on the battlefield.•1st Delaware (United States)•1st Maryland (United States)•2nd Continental Light Dragoons (United States)•2nd New York (United States)•33rd Foot (Britain)•Brunswick Dragoons (Britain)•Hessian Grenadiers (Britain)•King’s Royal Regiment of New York (Britain)•Lee’s Legion (United States)•Morgan’s Provisional Rifle Corp (United States)•Pulaski’s Legion (United States)•Royal Deux-Ponts Regiment (France)•Royal Welch Fusiliers (Britain)•Company of Select Marksmen/Fraser’s Rangers (Britain)•Tarleton’s Light Dragoons (Britain)About Special Forces Units & Bonus ContentThe Special Forces Units introduces six of the most influential military forces of the 18th Century. True to the period, these exclusive elite units become available on the campaign map via a certain faction or once a specific geographical region is under control. This pack also includes three more exclusive Elite Units.•HMS Victory•Rogers' Rangers •Ottoman Organ Gun •Ghoorkas •Corso Terrestre Guerillas •Bulkeley's Regiment •Death's Head Hussars •The USS Constitution •The Dahomey Amazons
The Spanish Civil War has exerted a powerful impact on the historical imagination. Without question, the conflict was a key moment in the 20th century, a precursor to World War II, and an encapsulation of the rise of extremist movements in the 1930s, but it was also a complex narrative in and of itself, even as it offered a truly international theatre of war. It marked one of the seminal moments, along with the 1929 Wall Street Crash, between the two apocalyptic wars of the early 20th century, and since it occurred between 1936 and 1939, Spain proved to be a testing ground of tactics, weaponry, and ideology ahead of World War II. For the Allied powers Britain and France, Spain became a nadir of “appeasement”, yet, as the name suggests, the conflict had distinctly Spanish characteristics. The pressures that led to war were particular to the country, its social challenges, and its long and intricate history, and it was a conflict between two sides that included disparate elements like the clergy, socialists, landowners, and even anarchists. It is estimated that somewhere between 500,000-2,000,000 people were killed in the war.Unlike World War II, the Spanish conflict attracted artists and writers, many of whom reflected upon events and even volunteered to fight. Pablo Picasso’s painting Guernica, journalist Martha Gellhorn’s reports, Robert Capa’s iconic photography, George Orwell’s Homage to Catalonia, and Ernest Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls are just some examples of the art and literature that documented the war, and 80 years later, the conflict and its causes still inspire musicians and writers.Ultimately, the forces of reaction, led by General Francisco Franco, triumphed, and after his victory in 1939, Franco ruled Spain with an iron fist for 36 years. Thus, it’s only natural that Franco’s rapid yet unlikely rise to power in Spain came to define a country for several generations. Franco was influenced by the wider trend 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jim D Johnston. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/123705/bk_acx0_123705_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
“I've been in love (truly) with five women, the Spanish Republic and the 4th Infantry Division.” (Ernest Hemingway)The Spanish Civil War has exerted a powerful impact on the historical imagination. Without question, the conflict was a key moment in the 20th century, a precursor to World War II, and an encapsulation of the rise of extremist movements in the 1930s, but it was also a complex narrative in and of itself, even as it offered a truly international theater of war. It marked one of the seminal moments, along with the 1929 Wall Street Crash, between the two apocalyptic wars of the early 20th century, and since it occurred between 1936 and 1939, Spain proved to be a testing ground of tactics, weaponry, and ideology ahead of World War II. For the Allied powers Britain and France, Spain became a nadir of “appeasement”, yet, as the name suggests, the conflict had distinctly Spanish characteristics. The pressures that led to war were particular to the country, its social challenges, and its long and intricate history, and it was a conflict between two sides that included disparate elements like the clergy, socialists, landowners, and even anarchists. It is estimated that somewhere between 500,000 and 2,000,000 people were killed in the war. Unlike World War II, the Spanish conflict attracted artists and writers, many of whom reflected upon events and even volunteered to fight. Pablo Picasso’s painting Guernica, journalist Martha Gellhorn’s reports, Robert Capa’s iconic photography, George Orwell’s Homage to Catalonia, and Ernest Hemingway’s For Whom the Bell Tolls are just some examples of the art and literature that documented the war, and 80 years later, the conflict and its causes still inspire musicians and writers. Ultimately, the forces of reaction, led by General Francisco Franco, triumphed, and after his victory in 1939, Franco ruled Spain with an iron fist for 36 years. Upon his death, however, a reconstr 1. Language: English. Narrator: Jim D Johnston. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/122315/bk_acx0_122315_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The true story of the Canadian doctor and ambulance driver that came to help a city in exodus. Try to imagine the city of Malaga is to be evacuated overnight. A total of 150,000 people will have to walk 200 kilometers along the coastal road in search of a safe refuge while being pursued by Italian tanks, bombed by German aircraft, and shelled by Rebel Nationalist ships. Unarmed men, women, and children will be shot from planes or killed by blasts from the boats that pursue them offshore; their bodies will be left at the roadside, abandoned to the chaos and inhumanity of adults at war. There will be little food, transport, or fresh water. Nourished only by hope and driven by fear, exposed to the elements and to enemy fire, they will walk through the day and through the night. Many will be too weak to reach the safe port of Almería and will only survive because an ambulance and a Canadian doctor come to help. A doctor who will later be accused of spying and betrayal and will be unwillingly pushed out of Spain by the very people he had come to assist.The Forgotten Stories from Spain series brings you accounts of human bravery and spirit at a moment of unleashed cruelty during the Spanish Civil War. These stories of cooperation have a universal message that remains as relevant to the world today as it was in Spain during the 1930s. 1. Language: English. Narrator: Paul Read. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/126318/bk_acx0_126318_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
No other artwork in the world is comparable to the Virgin of Guadalupe. What makes this painting unique - located in the Basilica of Guadalupe, north of Mexico City - is not precisely its artistic quality, as is the case with the Mona Lisa by Leonardo or The Kiss by Gustav Klimt, nor its place in the evolution of painting. It clearly does not constitute a landmark in art history, and the most visited painting in the world is certainly not the summit or the harbinger of a new aesthetic movement, like Dali's melting watches or Van Gogh's Starry Night. In fact, for some, the execution of the image is coarse and all its elements fit well known techniques. For others, it is merely a copy of a sculpture of the Virgin found in Spain. What distinguishes the Virgin of Guadalupe of Mexico is her universality: unlike any work of art in the world, it can be recognized by any local resident, certainly the most ubiquitous symbol in her country. It would be difficult to find a Mexican who cannot name her. The other thing that makes the Virgin of Guadalupe incomparable is her power to unite her nation, something that has been widely demonstrated throughout history. At different moments, and raised by different hands, the Virgin of Guadalupe (never the original painting) has led the troops that changed the history of the territory now known as Mexico. Not even a few hours had passed after the start of the War of Independence when the rebel army was already carrying the image of Guadalupe; in the twentieth century the image was present at the indigenous rebellion in Chiapas in 1994 and also materialized during the Mexican "perestroika" of 2000, which ended the single-party regime that had lasted for seven decades. Going further back, during Mexico's conquest, Hernán Cortés carried an image of the Virgin that, to the disinterested observer, is obviously the prototype of the Mexican Madonna. For some, Guadalupe is the work of a talented Indian painter, and 1. Language: English. Narrator: Scott Clem. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/070890/bk_acx0_070890_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
The Battle of Albuera (16 May 1811) was an indecisive battle during the Peninsular War. A mixed British, Spanish, and Portuguese corps engaged elements of the French Armée du Midi (Army of the South) at the small Spanish village of Albuera, about 20 kilometres (12 mi) south of the frontier fortress-town of Badajoz, Spain. From October 1810 Marshal Masséna's Army of Portugal had been tied down in an increasingly hopeless stand-off against Wellington's Allied forces, safely entrenched in and behind the Lines of Torres Vedras. Acting on Napoleon's orders, in early 1811 Marshal Soult led a French expedition from Andalusia into Extremadura in a bid to draw Allied forces away from the Lines and ease Masséna's plight. Napoleon's information was outdated and Soult's intervention came too late, starving and understrength, Masséna's army was already withdrawing to Spain
The translations by Juan Ramón Jiménez, first resident of the Caribbean to win the Nobel Prize for Literature, have been neglected, likely because many of them were published under the name of his wife, Zenobia Camprubí Aymar, along with many of his poems. Close analysis of the style, along with personal letters and diaries, reveals his significant participation in these works. The translations were a crucial source of psychological and financial support during the long exile from Spain after the Civil War. Other elements in the process were the Nobel-winners Rabindranath Tagore, William Butler Yeats, and André Gide. Intertextual incorporations from Shakespeare, the King James Bible, Rubén Darío, and Ezra Pound are noteworthy, as Juan Ramón and Zenobia maneuvered between the Symbolist and Imagist poetic movements, experimenting with different theories of translation, from Dryden to Jakobson. As Jiménez constantly revised his own work, hitherto unpublished annotations prove important to understanding this journey.
This book is based on Auction Sale No. 40 held April 3rd & 4th, 1989 by the Auction House Reiss & Auvermann. It comprises a collection of rare books about the age of exploration and the history of Portugal and Spain. Amongst the books referred to, with respect to the centuries of early exploration (AD 1500 to AD 1700), was a considerable number of items of great rarity and their hammer price rather often achieved many times the estimate. The contents of these books in many cases were so unusual that the brief comments printed in the auction catalogue needed additional explanation.Therefore, I made a selection of those 140 titles that seemed to me the most interesting and important ones. I added the original printed versions of more than 300 letters written by Jesuit missionaries (bound in 23 volumes and brochures, including some collective volumes or sammelbands) to their General in Rome between 1549 and 1629, mostly from Japan. Ample information, not only about the Christian mission, but also about the political situation in Japan in those days at the time when the Empire of the Rising Sun suffered from a disastrous civil war, is provided.Each entry in this book follows the same structure comprising four elements: 1. Author, title of the book, dates of printing, illustration, collation and binding. 2. Historical and bibliographical information. 3. Reference works. 4. Estimates, followed by hammer prices achieved, at that time in Deutsche Mark (DM).With a very few exceptions, we did not make use of abbreviations common in the antiquarian book trade. The ones used are pp. (page, pages), ll. (leaf, leaves), engr. (engraved), front. (frontispiece), cont. (contemporary).One of the key considerations for this volume is the practical benefits for western antiquarian booksellers if they happen to come across a book on this topic. This book not only gives detailed descriptions of each item, but also an indication as to pricing.
There are certain images of war that are horrific, frightening and at the same time, due to an outstanding compositional structure, they are fascinating and do not allow its observers to keep their distance. This publication examines three images of war that have often been described as icons of war photography. The images children fleeing a napalm strike by Nick Ut, the falling soldier by Robert Capa and Sam Nzima s photograph of Hector Pieterson are historical reference images that came to represent the wars and conflicts in which they were taken. A number of different factors have an impact on a war photograph s awareness level and its potential to commit itself to what is referred to as collective consciousness. Such factors are the aesthetical composition and outstanding formal elements in connection with the exact moment the photograph was taken, ethical implications or the forcefulness of the event itself. The empirical study in this book, questioning 660 students from Spain, South Africa and Vietnam about their awareness level regarding the three photographs suggests that they are icons of war photography that have been anchored in collective memory.